New Patients: (317) 333-6788

Existing Patients: (317) 890-4455

10935 E Washington St, Suite A,
Indianapolis, IN 46229

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Dental patient in Indianapolis asks, “What causes gum disease?”

Gum disease affects millions of people every day. The main cause of gingivitis or periodontitis, the two forms of gum disease, is the development of excess plaque on the teeth and near the gum line, which contains harmful bacteria. Often this is the result of inadequate oral hygiene, and avoiding seeing the dentist. However, other factors that may influence a patient’s susceptibility to gum disease include:

Dr. Matthew Church expain the causes gum disease, Washington Street Dentistry
  • Twisted, overcrowded, or crooked teeth impair the ability to remove debris and plaque between teeth
  • Poor diet, including too much sugar or starch, Vitamin C deficiency, and insufficient water consumption
  • Smoking or use of any tobacco product
  • Anxiety or stress, which can affect the body’s ability to fight infection
  • Breathing through the mouth which causes gum irritation
  • Hormonal fluctuations
  • Certain prescription medications
  • Health conditions, including diabetes or cancer


New Patients: (317) 333-6788

Existing Patients: (317) 890-4455

Symptoms may develop over time and without being noticed immediately. Patients often find that they experience chronic halitosis or a bad taste in their mouths. Gingivitis is the milder, earlier stage of gum disease, and if left untreated, can lead to periodontitis. Symptoms of gum disease, depending upon the severity, may include:

  • Irritated and inflamed gums which can appear red or swollen and may bleed during flossing or brushing
  • White spots similar to pimples on the gums
  • Changes in the bite or in how dentures fit
  • Teeth appear to become longer because gums recede and begin to pull away from the tooth and bone
  • Pus between teeth and gums
  • Exposed root of the tooth
  • Tooth loss or loosening

At Washington Street Dentistry, located in Indianapolis and serving patients and families from East Indianapolis, Anderson, Greenfield, Lawrence, New Palestine, Cumberland, and surrounding neighborhoods, Dr. Matthew Church believes that the best treatment for gum disease is prevention. Our friendly and gentle dental team encourages patients to schedule annual or twice a year visits for professional cleaning, oral screening and examination, and detection of any potential changes occurring in the patient’s mouth.

With a comprehensive array of advanced dental care, our team can care for patients of all ages in the comfort of a trusting and respectful relationship. We offer emergency, pediatric, family, restorative, cosmetic, and sedation dentistry, as well as treatment for root canal, sleep apnea, and gum disease. Call us today at (317) 333-6788 for more information

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Washington Street Dentistry
Dr. Matthew Church

Dr. Matthew Church image
A graduate from the University of Kentucky, Dr. M Church has an extensive amount of skill and expertise in the field of professional dentistry. With over 20 years of experience, he is a firm believer in providing his patients with the best possible care for their dental concerns. Whilst being educated and experienced in a multitude of dental services, Dr. Church is particularly proficient in the areas involving Invisalign, for which he is a certified provider, cosmetic dental services, and dental implants.

Dr. Church invests both time and resources in educating and maintaining his standard of quality in terms of his service. He undertook and graduated from the Misch International Implant Institute Surgical Program and maintains active membership with the American College of Oral Implantology. He is a Fellow of the International Congress of Oral Implantologists.


Google reviews

Washington Street
Dentistry 4.7 out of 5 based
on 52 Google reviews

Dr church and his staff are great,friendly and care about the work they do to keep our oral health in check. thanks you guys. will continue to visit in future for years to come.

For your general, cosmetic, and emergency dental needs, visit

Washington Street Dentistry

in Indianapolis.